Basic Info

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Welcome to ISRAEL

Israel is a country steeped in history, culture, and spirituality. Nestled between the Mediterranean Sea and the deserts of the Middle East, Israel is a unique and diverse destination for tourists from all over the world. From the bustling streets of Tel Aviv to the ancient walls of Jerusalem, Israel offers a wealth of experiences that are sure to leave visitors with lasting memories.

As a tourism guide to Israel, I am excited to share with you the many wonders of this incredible country. Whether you are seeking adventure, relaxation, or spiritual enlightenment, Israel has something for everyone. With a rich history dating back thousands of years, Israel is home to some of the world’s most iconic religious and cultural sites, including the Western Wall, the Dome of the Rock, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

But Israel is more than just a pilgrimage destination. It is also a modern and vibrant country with a thriving arts and culture scene, world-class cuisine, and beautiful natural landscapes. The beaches of Tel Aviv and the Sea of Galilee are popular destinations for sunbathers and water sports enthusiasts, while the Negev Desert and the Golan Heights offer stunning scenery for hikers and nature lovers.

In this tour guide to Israel, I will provide you with an overview of some of the country’s top attractions, as well as practical information to help you plan your trip. Whether you are a first-time visitor or a seasoned traveler, there is always something new to discover in Israel.

So come along on this journey with me as we explore the land of milk and honey, and discover why Israel is one of the most fascinating and unique destinations in the world.


Israel is a small but diverse country located in the Middle East, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the southwest. With an area of approximately 20,770 square kilometers, Israel is about the size of the state of New Jersey in the United States.

Despite its small size, Israel is home to a wide range of geographic features, including mountains, valleys, deserts, and beaches. The country is divided into four main regions: the Coastal Plain, the Central Hill Country, the Jordan Rift Valley, and the Negev Desert.

The Coastal Plain is a narrow strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea, home to some of Israel’s largest cities, including Tel Aviv and Haifa. The plain is characterized by sandy beaches, fertile agricultural land, and low-lying hills.

The Central Hill Country is a region of rugged hills and deep valleys, stretching from the Mediterranean coast to the Jordan Rift Valley. This region is home to some of Israel’s most famous historical and religious sites, including Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Nazareth.

The Jordan Rift Valley is a long, narrow valley that extends from the Sea of Galilee in the north to the Red Sea in the south. This region is home to the lowest point on earth, the Dead Sea, which is famous for its high salt content and therapeutic properties.

The Negev Desert is a vast expanse of desert in southern Israel, covering more than half of the country’s land area. The desert is characterized by barren landscapes, deep canyons, and towering sand dunes, and is home to a diverse array of flora and fauna.

Overall, Israel’s diverse geography offers tourists a wide range of experiences, from exploring ancient cities and religious sites to hiking through rugged mountains and deserts or relaxing on sunny beaches along the Mediterranean Sea.

Weather – Climate

MonthTel AvivJerusalemHaifaEilat

ISRAEL Time Zone

What time zone is Israel GMT?

GMT +2

The standard time in Israel is 2 hours ahead of GMT (GMT +2). Daylight-Saving time (DST) is 3 hours ahead of GMT (GMT +3)

Seasonal Events and Attractions

Israel is a country with a rich history and culture, and throughout the year, there are numerous seasonal events and attractions that visitors can enjoy. From religious festivals to cultural celebrations, there is always something happening in Israel.

Here are some of the top seasonal events and attractions in Israel:

  1. Passover Passover is a major Jewish festival that takes place in the spring. It celebrates the Jewish people’s liberation from slavery in Egypt, and it is a time for family gatherings, feasting, and the retelling of the Passover story. Visitors can participate in Passover Seders, traditional Jewish meals that mark the start of the holiday.
  2. Independence Day Independence Day is celebrated in Israel every year on April 14th. It marks the day when Israel declared independence in 1948, and it is celebrated with parades, fireworks, and other festivities. Visitors can experience the excitement of the day and see how the country comes together to celebrate.
  3. Tel Aviv Pride Parade The Tel Aviv Pride Parade takes place every year in June and is one of the largest LGBTQ+ events in the world. The parade includes a colorful procession of floats, music, and dancing, and it attracts visitors from around the world.
  4. Jerusalem Light Festival The Jerusalem Light Festival is an annual event that takes place in the summer. The festival features light installations, interactive displays, and performances in the streets and public spaces of the city. Visitors can experience the beauty of the city at night and see how light can transform its streets and buildings.
  5. Christmas in Bethlehem Bethlehem is the birthplace of Jesus, and every year, thousands of visitors flock to the city to celebrate Christmas. The city is decorated with lights and Christmas decorations, and visitors can attend Christmas services at the Church of the Nativity and other churches in the area.
  6. Hanukkah Hanukkah is a Jewish festival that takes place in December. It is a time for lighting the menorah, eating traditional foods like latkes and sufganiyot, and playing the dreidel game. Visitors can participate in Hanukkah celebrations throughout the country.

Overall, Israel offers a wide range of seasonal events and attractions for visitors to enjoy. From religious festivals to cultural celebrations, there is something for everyone. Visitors can experience the rich history and culture of the country while also enjoying the festive atmosphere and unique traditions of each event.

Local Laws

Israel is a popular tourist destination, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and beautiful landscapes. However, like any country, Israel has its own set of laws and regulations that visitors should be aware of. Understanding local laws is important for staying safe and avoiding legal trouble during a trip to Israel.

Here are some key laws and regulations that tourists should be aware of:

Visas and Entry Requirements Tourists entering Israel must have a valid passport that is valid for at least six months beyond their date of entry. Depending on the traveler’s nationality, a visa may be required for entry. Visitors should check with their embassy or consulate to determine whether they need a visa.

Alcohol and Drugs The legal drinking age in Israel is 18 years old. It is illegal to drink or possess alcohol in public places, including beaches and parks. The use and possession of illegal drugs are strictly prohibited in Israel, and penalties for drug offenses can be severe.

Littering and Smoking Littering is illegal in Israel and can result in a fine. Smoking is also prohibited in public places, including restaurants, cafes, and bars.

Dress Code Visitors to Israel are expected to dress modestly in public places, especially when visiting religious sites. Women should cover their shoulders and wear skirts or pants that cover their knees, and men should wear shirts with sleeves.

Shabbat Observance Shabbat is the Jewish day of rest, which begins at sundown on Friday and ends at sundown on Saturday. Many businesses and public services are closed during this time, and public transportation is limited. Visitors should be aware of these limitations and plan accordingly.

Religious Customs Israel is a country with diverse religious customs and traditions. Visitors should be respectful of these customs and avoid behavior that could be considered offensive or disrespectful. For example, it is customary to remove shoes before entering a mosque or home, and men and women may be required to dress modestly when visiting religious sites.

Overall, tourists in Israel should be aware of the country’s laws and customs in order to have a safe and enjoyable visit. Visitors should also be respectful of the country’s culture and traditions, and be mindful of their behavior in public places. With these considerations in mind, visitors can experience all that Israel has to offer while also being responsible and respectful guests.

Useful Phone Numbers

Here are some useful phone numbers for tourists visiting Israel:

  1. Police, Fire, and Ambulance Services: 100
  2. Magen David Adom (Emergency Medical Services): 101
  3. Tourist Police: 03-516-5381
  4. Ben Gurion International Airport: +972-3-975-5555
  5. Ministry of Tourism: +972-3-973-4222
  6. Tourist Information Hotline: *3888
  7. Israeli Electric Corporation (Electricity): 103
  8. Lost or Stolen Credit Cards: 1800-945-7700 or +972-3-513-8000 (from outside Israel)
  9. Embassy of your home country in Israel: Check with your embassy for their contact information.
  10. Consular Assistance for Foreign Nationals: +972-2-622-7250 (Jerusalem), +972-3-519-7575 (Tel Aviv)


Israel has a well-established currency system that comprises both bills and coins. The current Israeli currency system came into existence in 1985 when the shekel replaced the old Israeli lira. The shekel is the official currency of Israel and is divided into 100 agorot.

The Bank of Israel is responsible for issuing currency in Israel. It issues shekel banknotes in denominations of 20, 50, 100, and 200, and coins in denominations of 10 agorot, 50 agorot, and 1, 2, 5, and 10 shekels.

In 2014, the Bank of Israel announced that it would be introducing a new series of banknotes that would incorporate advanced security features to prevent counterfeiting. The new series, known as the New Shekel series, was introduced in September 2014, starting with the 50 and 200 shekel notes. The new series also features prominent Israeli figures such as poets, authors, and scientists.

In addition to the new banknotes, the Bank of Israel has also introduced new coins. In 2017, a new series of coins was introduced with updated designs and sizes. The new coins feature images of Israeli flora and fauna, and the larger coins have a unique six-sided shape.

Israel’s currency is widely used in the country, and tourists can easily exchange their currency at banks, exchange bureaus, or ATMs. The currency is also widely accepted at hotels, restaurants, and shops throughout Israel.

In summary, the current Israeli bills and coins system comprises shekel banknotes in denominations of 20, 50, 100, and 200, and coins in denominations of 10 agorot, 50 agorot, and 1, 2, 5, and 10 shekels. The Bank of Israel has recently introduced a new series of banknotes and coins with updated designs and security features to prevent counterfeiting.


Israel is generally considered a safe place to visit for tourists. The country has a strong security presence and a well-developed infrastructure for visitors. However, as with any destination, there are some safety concerns that visitors should be aware of.

One of the main safety concerns in Israel is the ongoing conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. While most of the violence occurs in specific areas, such as the Gaza Strip or the West Bank, there have been occasional incidents in other parts of the country. Visitors should stay informed about the situation and avoid areas with a high risk of conflict.

Another safety concern in Israel is the threat of terrorism. In recent years, there have been a number of attacks, including stabbings, shootings, and vehicle ramming incidents. However, the Israeli government has implemented extensive security measures to prevent such attacks and visitors should follow security protocols, such as passing through metal detectors and bag checks, when entering public areas.

Additionally, visitors should take normal safety precautions when traveling, such as being aware of their surroundings, not leaving valuables unattended, and avoiding unlit or unfamiliar areas at night.

Despite these safety concerns, Israel remains a popular destination for tourists from around the world. With its rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes, Israel has much to offer visitors. By staying informed and taking reasonable precautions, visitors can enjoy a safe and enjoyable trip to Israel.


Public transportation in Israel includes taxis, buses, and trains. Each of these modes of transportation offers its own benefits and drawbacks.

Taxis are a popular mode of transportation in Israel, especially in larger cities like Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Taxis are typically metered, and fares are regulated by the government. However, it is important to negotiate the fare before beginning the trip to ensure that there are no surprises at the end of the journey. Taxis can be hailed on the street, and there are also taxi stands located throughout cities. While taxis can be convenient and offer door-to-door service, they can also be expensive compared to other forms of transportation.

Buses are the most common mode of public transportation in Israel. There are several different bus companies operating throughout the country, with Egged being the largest and most well-known. Buses in Israel are generally clean and well-maintained, and they offer a cost-effective way to travel around the country. Many bus routes run frequently, making it easy to get around quickly. However, buses can be crowded during peak hours, and schedules can be unpredictable due to traffic.

Trains are another option for public transportation in Israel. The train system in Israel is operated by Israel Railways, and it runs from the northern city of Nahariya to the southern city of Be’er Sheva. The trains are modern and comfortable, and they offer a faster and smoother ride than buses. However, the train system in Israel is still relatively limited, with only a few major routes. Additionally, train tickets can be more expensive than bus tickets.

In conclusion, public transportation in Israel offers several options for getting around the country. Taxis offer convenience but can be expensive, buses are cost-effective but can be crowded, and trains offer a faster and smoother ride but are limited in their routes. Ultimately, the choice of transportation will depend on individual preferences and needs.